We’ve just published WDC Insights-The Western Region’s Sectoral Profile-April 2015 (PDF 0.2MB) which presents the key findings from The Western Region’s Labour Market 2004-2014-WDC Report March 2015 (PDF 2.5MB) on the region’s sectoral pattern of employment.
Understanding the sectoral pattern of jobs in the region, and recent patterns of sectoral growth and decline, is particularly important to the development of job creation, skills and enterprise policy for the region.
Sector of employment
The two largest employment sectors in the Western Region are Wholesale and Retail, and Industry with around 30% of jobs (Fig. 1). Of the region’s top seven sectors, all (except Health) account for a greater share of jobs in the region than the rest of the state. Agriculture and Industry (manufacturing) are considerably more important in the region. Among the region’s smaller sectors the share working in them in the region is considerably below that in the rest of the state.
In general the Western Region’s jobs profile relies more heavily than the rest of the state on the traditional sectors (Industry, Agriculture and Construction) and local services (Wholesale and Retail, and Accommodation and Food Service) which depend on domestic spending and tourism. The region’s sectoral jobs pattern is influenced by its largely rural nature.
Western Region’s share of jobs by sector
This jobs pattern can also be seen in the region’s share of national total jobs in each sector. In total 16.5% of all jobs in the state are located in the Western Region (Fig. 2). Agriculture, Industry and Construction are the sectors where the region makes its largest contribution to national jobs.
The region’s share of all Industry jobs nationally has increased very strongly in recent years from 16% in 2007 to its current 19.5%, due to its relatively more stable jobs performance in the region. The region’s manufacturing strength is a key national asset and a previous blog post on ‘Trends in Agency Assisted Employment in the Western Region’ highlighted the industrial sub-sectors which have driven the region’s manufacturing strength.
The three knowledge intensive services sectors are where the region accounts for its lowest shares of national jobs. Less than 10% of all Information and Communication, and Financial, Insurance and Real Estate jobs are based in the region and its share of both has declined since 2012. Not only does the region have low shares in these sectors but it is losing ground.
Recent changes in employment by sector
Between 2012 and 2014 half of sectors (7 of 14) experienced jobs growth in the Western Region (Fig. 3). Agriculture grew most strongly followed by Professional, Scientific and Technical activities next. Growth in these sectors contributed to the region’s increasing share of self-employment. Wholesale and Retail and Accommodation and Food Service also grew as this period coincided with an increase in overseas visitor numbers as well as consumer spending.
The Western Region experienced a far greater jobs decline than the rest of the state across many sectors, including knowledge intensive services and public services. In the case of Information and Communication, employment fell by nearly 16% in the region but it had the fourth largest growth in the rest of the country (5.2%). The reasons for the Western’s Region poor, and weakening, jobs performance in this high growth potential sector need to be investigated.
These key aspects of the Western Region’s labour market should inform the development of the upcoming Action Plan for Jobs for the West, Border and Mid-West regions. The region’s labour market characteristics should influence which policies are prioritised for the region and the sectors of focus for job creation strategies.
Download WDC Insights The Western Region’s Sectoral Profile and full report ‘The Western Region’s Labour Market 2004-2014’ here
Note: The CSO has noted concerns over the impact of the new sampling structure on the employment figures for Agriculture.
Source: CSO, Quarterly National Household Survey, Quarter 1 2004-2014, special run